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化学清洗技术

日期:2019-08-05 11:32

众享彩票 ZHUANYETIGONGGELEIHUAXUEQINGXIJISHUFUWU,HUAXUEQINGXIJISHUSHIZHILIYONGHUAXUEFANGFAJIHUAXUEYAOJIDADAOQINGXISHEBEIMUDEDEFANGFA。QIQINGXIYUANLISHICONGCAILIAOBIAOMIANCHUQUWUGOUDEHUAXUEFANGFA。YIGONGYESHEBEIDEHUAXUEQINGXIZUIWEIFUZA。DUIYUXINSHEBEIZHUYAOJINXINGCHUYOU、CHUXIU、QINGXIHEDUNHUACHULI;ERJIANXIUHOUDESHEBEIZEYAOJINXINGSUANXI,ZHONGHEFANGXIUHEWUNIBOLI,DUIYULIANYOUCHANGHESHIYOUHUAGONGCHANGDEHUANREQIHAIXUKAOLVRONGJIQINGXI,YICHUQUYOUJIGOU。

一,化学清洗技术工艺

1.循环清洗技术

XUNHUANQINGXISHILIYONGLIANGTIAOYUANYOUDEPINGXINGPAIHUIGUANXIANZUCHENGHUILU,YUQINGXIBENGZHANXINGCHENGXUNHUANXITONG,JIARUYIDINGNONGDUDESUANXIYE,ZAIHUISHUIGUANDAOZHONGXUNHUANLIUDONGQINGXI,BINGZAISUANDUXIAJIANGZHIYIDINGCHENGDUSHI,BUDUANBUCHONGSUANYE。DUIYUDUANJULIDEDANTIAOHUISHUIGUANDAO,RUOTIAOJIANXUKE,KEPUSHEYITIAOLINSHIGUANDAOYUQIGOUCHENGXUNHUANHUILUQINGXI。GAIGONGYIXUZAITINGYUNZHUANGTAIXIAJINXING,QIEGONGYIFUZA,CHENGBENJIAOGAO。

2 .开路清洗技术

ZAIQINGXISHIBUNENGYOULIANGTIAOHUIGUANXINGCHENGHUILU,ZHINENGCAIYONGDANTIAOHUIGUANKAILUQINGXI。FANGFASHIJIANGHUIGUANYIDUANYUQINGXIZHUANGZHILIANJIE,ZAIPEIYEGUANZHONGLIANXUPEIZHIYIDINGNONGDUDESUANXIYE,LIANXUHUOJIANXIEDIZHURUHUIGUANZHONG。CIGONGYIXUZAITINGYUNZHUANGTAIXIAZENGJIAQINGXISHEBEI,CHENGBENJIAOGAO。

3.不停运化学清洗技术

GAIGONGYISHIZAIHUIGUANZHENGCHANGSHUHUIBUTINGYUNDEZHUANGTAIXIA,LIANXUZHURUYIDINGLIANGDESUANYE,TONGSHIZHURUYIDINGLIANGDESHUHUIGUANYUNXINGQINGXIHUANSHIJIHEGUANDAOQINGBOLIJI,KAILUQINGXI。QINGXIZHUJIDEZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIZAIYIDINGNONGDUJILIUSUDESUANYEZHONG,CUJINSUANYEYUHUIGOUDEFANYING,TONGSHIZENGJIAERYANGHUATANZAISHUIZHONGDERONGJIEDU,JIANSHAOQIZUDECHANSHENG,BAOZHENGHUIGUANDEQINGXIZHILIANG。

众享彩票 CAOZUOFANGFASHI:QINGXIQIAN,XIANANGUANDAOZHONGZONGGOULIANGGUSUANCHUSUOXUDESUANLIANG,ZAIGENJUHUISHUILIULIANGJISUANDUJISUANCHUJIASUANSUDUJISHUHUIGUANYUNXINGQINGXIHUANSHIJIHEGUANDAOQINGBOLIJIDEJIARULIUSU。QINGXISHI,ZAIHUIGUANQIANDUANQUYANGDIANMEIGE30 minQUYANGCESHISUANDU,BINGTONGGUOJIASUANDELIULIANGDIAOJIELAIYANGEKONGZHISUANDU。QINGXIHOUQI,ZAIHUIGUANMODUANMEIGE15 minQUYANGCESHIpHZHI,DANGpHZHIDADAOYIDINGSHUZHIBINGBAOCHI30 minBUBIANSHI,KEPANDINGQINGXIJIESHU。

此种工艺方法具有如下特点:

(1)BUZENGJIAQINGXISHEBEI(ZHIJIEZAIHUISHUICHIJIAYAO),QINGXIXITONGJIANDAN。

众享彩票 (2)SUANLIYONGLVGAO。YOUYUBUTINGJIQINGXI,YIBANSHUHUIGUANDAONEIYALIJIAODA,SUANYUGOUFANYINGSHENGCHENGDALIANGCO2QITI,DANGSHUHUIGUANXIANJULIJIAOZHANGSHI,ZAIZHEIGETIXIZHONG,CANJIAQINGXIFANYINGCHUSUANWAIDEWUZHIYOU:QITICO2、RONGJIEYUSHUIZHONGDEERYANGHUATAN(CO2)、TANSUAN(H2CO3)、TANSUANQINGGENLIZI(HCO3-)、TANSUANGEN(CO32-)、HUIGOU(CaCO3)、HUOXINGYANGHUAGAI(CaO)ZUCHENGDEFANYINGTIXI,BINGCUNZAIZHEIYANGYIGEFANYINGPINGHENG:

CO2(QI) CO2(YE) K=10-1.5

众享彩票 CO2(YE)+H2O H2CO3 Km=10-2.8

ZAISHUHUIGUANDAOQINGXIGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUYUSUANXINGHUIJIANGYEZAIGUANDAOZHONGLIUDONGSHIJIANZHANG,HUIJIANGYEZHONGERYANGHUATANLIANGXIANGDANGDUO,CONGLIANGZHIGUANXISHANGKAN:

CO2(QI)>>CO2(YE)>>H2CO3,

ZHEIYANGWEIFANYING:

CaCO3+H2CO3=Ca(HCO3)2

TIGONGYOULITIAOJIAN,CONGERTIGAOSUANDELIYONGLV。

众享彩票 (3)CHUGOUCHEDI。

众享彩票 (4)BUYINGXIANGSHUHUIGUANDAODEZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

二,化学清洗试剂

SUOYONGHUAXUEYAOPINRUXIA。

(1)JIANXI:QINGYANGHUANA、TANSUANNA、LINSUANNADENG;

众享彩票 (2)SUANXI:YANSUAN、LIUSUAN、XIAOSUAN、QINGFUSUAN、LINSUAN、NINGMENGSUAN、QIANGJIYISUAN、YIERANSIYISUANDENG;

(3)ZHONGHECHUXIU:YAXIAOSUANNA、BENJIASUANNADENG;

(4)WUNIBOLI:BOLIJIHEJIANYANDENG;

(5)RONGJIQINGXI:SILVHUATAN、SANLVYIXIDENG。

三,化学清洗技术安全防护措施和废液处理及排放

1、化学清洗安全措施

众享彩票 (1)ZAIHUAXUEQINGXIQIAN,BIXUDUIGUOLUJINXINGYANGEDEJIANCHA,RUGUOFAXIANGUOLUREJIAOHUANGUANYOUYANZHONGDEJUBUFUSHI(XIAOKONGFUSHI、KUIYANGFUSHI)HERENHEXINGSHIDELIEKAI、GUPAO,DOUBIXUJIANGZHEIXIEBUWEIJINXINGQIEHUAN,RANHOUCAINENGJINXINGQINGXI。

众享彩票 (2)LINSHIGUANXIANDEANZHUANGBIXUYANGEBAOZHENGZHILIANG,ANZHUANGWANBIHOUBIXUJINGGUOSHUIYASHIYAN,SHIYAHEGEHOUFANGKETOURUGONGZUO。DUIYURENHEXIXIAODESHEN、LOUDOUBIXUZHONGXINBUHANZHIDAOWANQUANHEGEWEIZHI。

(3)HUAXUEQINGXIXITONGDEZUIGAOBUWEI,YINGANZHUANGPAIQICHUKOU,YIFANGZHIYINHUANSHIJIXIAOGUOBUHAOHUOSHIYONGBUDANGERSHITIEFUSHICHANSHENGDEQINGQIDEWEIHAI。TONGSHI,ZUIGAOBUWEIFANGQIHOU,KEBAOZHENGZHENGGEQINGXIXITONGCHONGMANQINGXIJIEZHI,BULIUSIJIAO。

(4)QINGXIXIANCHANGBIXUZHAOMINGCHONGZU,DAOLUTONGCHANG。DONGLIDIANYUANHEZHAOMINGDIANYUANFENKAI,BINGJIANGDIANYUANKONGZHIBANSHEZHIZAILIKAIQINGXIXITONGJIAOYUAN,ERYOUCAOZUOFANGBIANDEDIFANG。

(5)ZHUNBEIBIYAODEJIJIUYAOPINHELAOBAOYONGPIN。JIJIUYAOPINYIBANYOURUXIAJIZHONG:2~3%DEZHONGTANSUANNAHETANSUANNARONGYE;BAOHESHIHUISHUI;1~2%DEPENGSUANSHUIRONGYE;1~2%DECUSUANHUOYANSUANSHUIRONGYE;ZHENGLIUSHUIDENG。LAOBAOYONGPINYOU:XIANGPISHOUTAO、WEIQUN;FANGHUYANJING;GONGZUOFU;MAOJIN;YAOMIAN;XIYANYONGDEQIJUDENG。

(6)CAOZUOSHIBIXUTONGYIZHIHUI,FENGONGFUZE。SUOYOUZHONGYAOBUWEI(RUSUANBENG、FAMEN、JIAYAODIAN)DOUYAOSHEZHIZHUANRENZHIBAN。ZHIBANRENYUANBIXUYANSHOUGANGWEI,TINGCONGZHIHUI。

众享彩票 (7)HUAXUEQINGXIXIANCHANGBUDEDONGYONGMINGHUO(RUDIANHAN、CHOUYAN,QUNUANDENG)。YIFANGHUOZAIJIQITASHIGUDEFASHENG。

(8)QINGXIXIANCHANGBIXUSHEZHIZHUANMENDEXIUXISHIGONGFEIZHIBANRENYUANXIUXI,BUXUZAISUANXIXITONGPANGBIANSHUIJUEHEXIUXI。YINSHUIJISHIPINXUFANGZAIXIUXISHINEI,BUDEHEHUAXUEYAOPINHUNFANG,YIMIANWUSHIZHONGDU。

(9)MEIYIHUAXUECAOZUOBUZHOU,DOUBIXUYANGEANZHAOCAOZUOGUICHENGHEYAOQIUJINXING,BUDETUSHENGSHIERRENYIGAIBIANCAOZUOCHENGXU。TEBIESHIYANJINYONGRENGONGBAOZHUSUANPINGZIZHIJIEWANGGUOLUZHONGJIASUAN,ZHEIYANGHUIYINSUANYESUIQITI(ERYANGHUATAN)DEDALIANGCHANSHENGERJIANCHU,ZAOCHENGRENSHENSHIGU。

2、化学清洗废液处理及排放技术

众享彩票 FEIYEPAIFANGDEBIAOZHUNBIXUANZHAOGUOJIAGUIDINGDEFEIYEPAIFANGBIAOZHUNZHIXING,DUICHAOGUOPAIFANGBIAOZHUNDEJIANXIYE、SUANXIYEHEDUNHUAYEYINGDANGZUOXIANGYINGDEHOUCHULI,JINGCHULIHOUDERONGYEDADAOGUOJIAGUIDINGDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUNZHIHOUFANGKEPAIFANG。DUIYUZHONGXIAOXINGGUOLUHUAXUEQINGXIGONGYIERYAN,HOUCHULIFANGFAYIBANSHIXISHIHEZHONGHEFA。DANGXUANYONGLETESHUDUXINGDEQINGXIJI、HUANSHIJIHUODUNHUAJISHI,JIUBIXUZHENDUISUOXUANYONGDEWUZHIZUOTESHUDEHOUCHULI,FEIYECAINENGPAIFANG。

XISHIFAZHUYAOSHIYONGYUNONGDUBUGAODEYIBANSUAN、JIANQINGXIYE。DANGNONGDUBUGAODEYANSUANHETANSUANNAHUOQINGYANGHUANA、LINSUANSANNARONGYECONGGUOLUZHONGPAIFANGSHI,YONGJIAODALIANGDESHUICHONGXIPAIFANG,SHIDEHUNHEHOUJINRUWUSHUIGUANDAODEFEIYEDEpHZHIWEI6~9,XUANFUWUXIAOYU500HAOKE/SHENG,ZHEIYANGPAICHUDEFEIYEJIBENSHANGFUHEGUOJIABIAOZHUN。DANGRAN,DUIYUNONGDUJIAOGAODESUAN、JIANQINGXIYEPAIFANGSHICAIYONGZHEIYIFANGFASHIBUSHIYIDE,YINWEITAXUYAOXIAOHAODESHUILIANGTAIDA。DUIYUZHEIYANGDEPAIFANGYE,YINGDANGXIANZUOSHIDANGDEZHONGHE,RANHOUZAIXISHIPAIFANG。

ZHONGHEFAZHUYAOSHIYONGYUJIAOGAONONGDUDEYANSUAN,QINGYANGHUANAPAIFANGYE。RUGUOPAIFANGYESHIYANSUAN,ZEYONGSHAOJIANHUOSHIHUIZHONGHE,RUGUOSHIJIANZEYONGYANSUANZHONGHE,ZHONGHEDAOpHZHIWEI7~9ZHIJIAN,ZAIJINGSHIDANGXISHIJIUKEPAIFANGLE。ZHEIZHONGFANGFAXUYAOXIAOHAOYIDIANSUANHUOJIAN,DANSUOHAODAIJIASHIBUGAODE,ERQIEBIJIAORONGYIDADAOPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。JUTICAOZUOSHIZAIPAIFANGGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANGFEIYEXIANPAIDAOYIGEGUODUKENGNEI,FEIYEJINKENGDETONGSHIJIARUCHULIYAOJI,YAOJIJIARUSUDUZHENGHAOBAOZHENGCONGGUODUKENGCHUQUDEFEIYEFUHEFEIYEPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。RUGUOJIANXIPAIFANGYEHESUANXIPAIFANGYEZHENGHAOSHIXIANGHUZHONGHEDESUANHEJIAN,ERYOUYOUTIAOJIANCHUCUNXIANPAIFANGCHUDEJIANYEDEHUA,NEIME,LIYONGJIANXIHESUANXIFEIYEXIANGHUZHONGHE,ERJIESHENGZHONGHESUOXIAOHAODEYUANLIAOSHIKEXINGDE。

众享彩票 BIXUZHUYI,BINGBUSHISUOYOUDESUAN、JIANRONGYEDOUNENGCAIYONGZHONGHEFAJINXINGCHULIDE。RUQINGFUSUANPAIFANGYEDEHOUCHULI,TABUJINKAOLVPAIFANGYEDEpHZHIDADAOBIAOZHUN,HAIBIXUKAOLVF-DENONGDUBUNENGDAYUGUOJIAGUIDINGDEPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。YINCI,DUIYUQINGFUSUANFEIYEDECHULIZHINENGCAIYONGSHIHUIZHONGHEFA,JITIGAOPAIFANGYEDEpHZHIDAO6~9,HAIJIANGDIYOULIF-LIZIDENONGDUDAO10HAOKE/SHENGYIXIA,FANGKEPAIFANG。SHIHUIYONGLIANGYIBANBUDIYUCHUNQINGFUSUANLIANGDE2BEI。

ZAIZHONGXIAOXINGGUOLUQINGXIGONGYIZHONG,DUNHUAYEYIBANCAIYONGLINSUANSANNARONGYE,DUNHUAHOUFEIYEDECHULIANJIANLEIWUZHI,CAIYONGZHONGHEFACHULIJIKE!RUGUOCAIYONGYAXIAOSUANNADUNHUA,NEIME,DUNHUAYEBIXUJINGGUOTESHUHUAXUECHULICUOSHI。BAOZHENGNaNO2CANYUNONGDUFUHEPAIFANGYAOQIU。YAXIAOSUANNACHULIDEFANGFASHANGMEIYOUCHENGSHUDINGXINGDEFANGFA,ZAISUANXINGJIEZHIZHONGYONGNIAOSUFENJIESHIQISHENGCHENGDANQISHIMUQIANBIJIAOHAODEFANGFA,QIFANGCHENGSHIRUXIA:

KONGZHIpHZHISHIWANCHENGSHANGSHUFANYINGDEGUANJIAN,ZAIRENKOUMIJIDEDIQUJINXINGZHEIYIHUAXUECHULIQIANBIXUJINGGUOCHONGFENDEXIAOXINGSHIYAN,SHICAOZUORENYUANCHONGFENSHULIANZHANGWOHAOGONGYITIAOJIANHOU,CAINENGGOUJINXINGGONGYEXINGDEHUAXUECHULI。WOMENRENWEI,ZHONGXIAOXINGGUOLUDEDUNHUAZUIHAOCAIYONGLINSUANYAN,ZHIYOUZAITESHUYAOQIUSHICAIXUANYONGYAXIAOSUANYAN。

LIANGTIAOHUIGUANXINGCHENGHUILU,ZHINENGCAIYONGDANTIAOHUIGUANKAILUQINGXI。FANGFASHIJIANGHUIGUANYIDUANYUQINGXIZHUANGZHILIANJIE,ZAIPEIYEGUANZHONGLIANXUPEIZHIYIDINGNONGDU

四,化学清洗对象

众享彩票 1、ZHIZAOYE:QICHEXINGYETUZHUANGCHEJIANPENFANGNEIDEGUOPENQIQINGXI、LUNCHUANCHANGJIABANCHUQI、CHUXIU。        

众享彩票 2、GONGYERONGQIQINGXI:FANYINGQI、CHUQIGUAN、GAOYAFU、HECHENGTA、CAOGUANCHE、CHUANBOYOUCANGLIAOCANG    

众享彩票 3、GUANDAOQINGXI:GELEIDAKOUJINGGUANDAO、SHANGXIASHUIGUANDAO、PAIWUGUANDAO、YUSHUIGUAN、MEIQIGUANDAO、SHUYOUHUOQITAGONGYEWULIAOSHUSONGGUANDAO,YIJIGEZHONGDAXINGSHEBEIDEGUANDAOXITONGQINGXI。

众享彩票 4、REJIAOHUANSHEBEIQINGXI:GONGKUANGQIYE、FUWUXINGYESHIYONGDEJIAREQI、ZHENGFAQI、LENGQUEQI、NINGJIEQI、HUANREQI、GUOLU、HUAGONGYUANLIAOCHUGUANDENG。

5、DIANCHANGDIANLI:PAISHUIGUANDAO、FEIQIGUANDAO、GUANSHU、LENGNINGQI、LENGQUEQI、RANLIAOCANG、JINGHUACHI、YOUGUAN、YANCONGYIJILENGQUETA 、GUOLUJIQIGUANDAO、ZHUANHUANQI  、JINGHUAYOUCHI、GUANSHU、GUANLUYIJIFANYINGSHEBEI 。

众享彩票 6、GANGJIANZHUJIANQINGXI:MOLIAOSHUISHELIUCHULIN、ZHUJIANQINGSHA

五,化学清洗技术特点

1.ANQUANXINGNENGGAO,HUANSHILVKEDA99.8%YISHANG,ZAIQINGXIGUOCHENGZHONGJIHUBUDUISHEBEICHANSHENGFUSHI ;

2. QINGXISUDUKUAI,CAIYONGFUHEFENJIEFANENGKUAISUFENJIEGEZHONGWUGOU,JIAKUAIQINGXISUDU,TIGAOQINGXIZHILIANG;

3.WUDU,WUHAI,SHIYONGDEQINGXIJIJUYOUWUDU,WUHAI,WUFUZUOYONGDETEDIAN,WURENHESHANGHAI;

众享彩票 4.HUANBAOWUWURAN,CHANPINZUIDADETEDIANSHITAYOUHENHAODESHENGWUJIANGJIENENGLI,DUIHUANJINGMEIYOURENHEHUAXUEWURAN;

5.DUIXITONGDESHENGWUJUNJIQIYANSHENGWUNENGCHEDISHAMIE,BINGBAOCHIXIANGDANGYIDUANSHIJIANXITONGWUSHENGWUFUZHEWU;

6 .DUNHUAYUMOXIAOGUOHAO,SHIYONGDEDUNHUAYUMOJIYOUHENHAODEDUNHUAXINGHECHENGMOXING,XINGCHENGDEMOJUYOUHENQIANGDEHUAXUEWENDINGXINGHEWULIXING,NENGHENHAODEFANGZHIYANGHUAFUSHIDEFASHENG ;

7.QINGXIXIAOGUOHAO,CAIYONGDEFUHEQINGXIFAQINGXIJIEJINGLVDA99%YISHANG,NENGCHEDIQINGXIGEZHONGWUGOU。

众享彩票 8、SHIYONGFANWEIGUANG,SHIYONGYUGUOLUQINGXI、JIAOHUANQIQINGXI、LENGQUETAQINGXI、GUANDAOQINGXI、JIACHUNZHUANGZHIQINGXI、JIAOHUACUIHUAZHUANGZHIQINGXIDENG

 
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